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Aramaic, Biblical
(774 words)

[German Version]

I. Old Testament – II. Aramaic Forms and Formulae in the New Testament

I. Old Testament

1. Texts.

a. In Gen 31:47 the Aramean Laban calls Jacob's “stone-heap of a witness,” Heb. gal'ed, or more aptly “stone-heap (or monument) of testimony,” yegar śāhadtāʾ. Biblical authors and their public can be assumed to have known at least this much Aramaic from the end of the 8th century bce onward, at the latest since the 7th century; although, to judge from its status in the LXX, the verse may be a

Cite this page
Knauf, Ernst A. and Schelbert, Georg, “Aramaic, Biblical”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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