Religion Past and Present

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(183 words)

[German Version]

Syrian goddess, already widely known in the Bronze Age (Ebla, Mari, Emar, Ugarit; unclear relationship to Mesopotamian Inanna/Ishtar). The cult spread from the Phoenician coastal cities into the Mediterranean area: Egypt (from the middle of the 2nd millennium bce onward), Israel (polemical references to the cult in the OT), Cyprus and Greece (possible influence on the genesis of Aphrodite, regarded by the Greeks themselves as a goddess from the Near East), Carthage and North Africa, Malta, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy and Spain. In these area…

Cite this page
Xella, Paolo, “Astarte”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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