Religion Past and Present

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I. Ancient Athens – II. Church History – III. University

I. Ancient Athens

The name ᾽Αθῆναι, found already as “Atana” in a Mycenaean text, is inseparable from the wise and warlike Athena, the virgin goddess of the city. Mythology claims that she sprang from the head of Zeus and won Attica in a contest with Poseidon. Her attributes are the owl and a shield (Aegis) with the head of Medusa, set with snakes.

1. History.

Athens was largely untouched by the catastrophe that befell Greece in the 11th/10th century bc…

Cite this page
Brenne, Stefan and Nikolaou, Theodor, “Athens”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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