Religion Past and Present

Get access

(2,627 words)

[German Version]

I. Ancient Athens – II. Church History – III. University

I. Ancient Athens

The name ᾽Αθῆναι, found already as “Atana” in a Mycenaean text, is inseparable from the wise and warlike Athena, the virgin goddess of the city. Mythology claims that she sprang from the head of Zeus and won Attica in a contest with Poseidon. Her attributes are the owl and a shield (Aegis) with the head of Medusa, set with snakes.

1. History.

Athens was largely untouched by the catastrophe that befell Greece in the…

Cite this page
Brenne, Stefan and Nikolaou, Theodor, “Athens”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 03 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

▲   Back to top   ▲