Religion Past and Present

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I. Philosophy – II. Islamic Theology

I. Philosophy

Atomism is the epistemological paradigm maintaining that all things (including living creatures) are composed of tiny indivisible units, which account for their qualities (Gk ἄτομον/átomon, “indivisible”). Atomism contrasts with holism, which understands all objects and phenomena not as composites but as divisible wholes. Both theories seek to explain the nature of things. This antithesis has shaped Western thought from Democritus to modern economic in…

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Meyer-Abich, Klaus M. and Ess, Josef van, “Atomism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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