Religion Past and Present

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(141 words)

[German Version]

“Autarchy” denotes individual or national economic independence through self-sufficiency, whereas the goal of autonomy, as a combination of reason (I) and freedom (V), is moral self-determination. Theologically, God alone is autarchic (indepedentia dei; Aseity; Sovereignty), since only God exists a se. Human beings are not autarchic but are dependent on (God's) Providence (cf. Matt 6:19–32). The New Testament therefore severely attacks human striving for autarchy (Luke 12:16–21). God's grace alone brings autarchy, well-…

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Dietz, Walter R., “Autarchy”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 13 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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