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Averroes, Ibn Rušd
(545 words)

[German Version]

(1126, Córdoba – 1198, Marrakesh), Spanish-Latin for “Ibn Rušd” (Abūl-Walīd Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad) was an Islamic legal scholar, philosopher and physician; through his Aristotle commentary, he was the most important mediator of Arabic Aristotelianism to medieval Europe. As a judge and teacher, he was a respected authority on Islamic law. His major works were meant as defenses of Aristotelian philosophy and science as the basis for establishing truth, also for Islamic society. The theology and critique of philosophy of G̣azzālī provided his impetus. Averroes tri…

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Endreß, Gerhard, “Averroes, Ibn Rušd”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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