Religion Past and Present

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(563 words)

[German Version]

(Lat. form of Abū aʿAlī al-Ḥusain ibn ʿAbdallāh Ibn Sīnā; c. 980, Afšana near Buḫārā – 1037, Hamadān), a comprehensive scholar, outstanding physician and philosopher, whose thought has exerted lasting influence on later Islamic intellectual history, but also on European scholasticism. Avicenna developed his philosophical doctrines in dialogue with Aristotle, whose works he knew almost entirely in Arabic and paraphrased interpretively in his own writings. He followed in the essentials the neoplatonic (Neoplatonism) interpretations of the Stagirite whic…

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Rudolph, Ulrich, “Avicenna”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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