(580 words)

[German Version]

is the name both of an Iranian province and of the adjacent Transcaucasian republic to the north. According to Strabo (Geogr. XI 13.1) the designation can be traced back to the name of the Achaemenid satrap in Media, “Atropata.” For the Caucasian part of Atropatene Roman sources also used the designation “Albania.” Medieval Arabic geographers refer to the “land of fire” (“adar” and “baykan”). Historically Azerbaijan encompassed a region southeast of the Great Caucasus. In 1813/28 the region was divid…

Cite this page
Auch, Eva-Maria, “Azerbaijan”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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