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Baʾal Shem Tov
(337 words)

[German Version]

(c. 1700, Okop, Ukraine – 1760, Mezibuz, Silesia), acronym: “Besht,” Baal Shem Tov, lit. “Master of the Good Name,” figuratively “Master of White Magic” was actually called Israel ben Eliezer and is considered to be the founder of the modern Jewish religious movement of the “Hasidim” (Hasidism). Hasidic tradition makes him the disciple of the prophet Achiya Ha-Shiloni (1 Kgs 11:29), who was, according to midrashic tradition (Midrash), the teacher of the prophet Elijah. The collection of legends known as Shivkhey ha-Besht (“In Praise of the Besht”) relate that …

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Dan, Joseph, “Baʾal Shem Tov”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 21 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_01381>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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