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Bahya ibn Pakudah,
(256 words)

[German Version]

author of Hovot ha-Levavot (“The Duties of the Heart”), the most popular and influential work of Jewish ethics from the Middle Ages. It was originally written in Arabic and remains to this day a classic of Jewish spirituality. Very little is known about the author. He probably lived in Saragossa and was, besides this work, also the author of several Hebrew religious poems (piyyutim), of which two were appended to his book. Rabbi Judah ibn Tibbon translated the book into Hebrew around 1160; kabbalists and esoterics eagerly embraced this work written by a …

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Dan, Joseph, “Bahya ibn Pakudah,”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 21 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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