Religion Past and Present

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Big Bang Theory
(466 words)

[German Version]

Disputes concerning the interpretation of the Big Bang singularity have endured for decades. In the early 1950s, Christian leaders such as Pope Pius XII enthusiastically accepted it. It gave atheists such as Fred Hoyle (1915–2001) the occasion to propose the alternative theory of a static, infinitely old and ever expanding universe. For two decades, the results of astronomical observations were compatible both with a static universe and with one produced by a Big Bang, and the adherents to each position could only offer philosoph…

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Russell, Robert John, “Big Bang Theory”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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