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Brahman
(249 words)

[German Version]

(Sanskrit: neut. bráhman, accented on the first syllable; masc. brahmán, nom. brahmā). Brahman is a fundamental concept of Indian thought. In the earlier Veda, bráhman (neut.) means a formulaic utterance, hymn, or saying; later it comes to mean also the truth indwelling the utterance, the sacral power that controls even the gods. The masculine form denotes bearers of this power, for example priests (Brahmin). In the Brāhmaṇas (after c. 1000 bce), this power becomes the primordial ground (Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad 1.4.10: “Verily, in the beginning this was Brah…

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Michaels, Axel, “Brahman”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 02 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_02312>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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