Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. The Historical Buddha – II. Systematics – III. Buddha and Bodhisattvas in Art

I. The Historical Buddha

Buddha, “the enlightened one”; family name Gautama, given name Siddhārtha. The designation “Śākyamuni” means “wise one of the Śākya tribe”; other designations include the address “Bhagavat” (“lord”) and the self-designation “Tathāgata.” Although it is probably no longer possible to reconstruct the exact histo…

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Astley, Ian and Yaldiz, Marianne, “Buddha”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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