Religion Past and Present

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(160 words)

[German Version]

The Cabanagem uprising, begun in 1832 and bloodily put down in 1849, was a revolt of local caboclos (catechumens) of Indian and African descent against the Portuguese colonial regime, which ruled the entire lower Amazon (Brazil). In the 17th and early 18th centuries, Jesuits and other missionaries had sought to impose a uniform Catholic Indian culture on the diverse peoples of Amazonia and therefore had established Nheengatu or Tupí as the lingua franca. When the missionaries were expelled in 1759, the disastrous results of these policies became c…

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Hoornaert, Eduardo, “Cabanagem”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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