Religion Past and Present

Get access

Caesar, Gaius Julius
(717 words)

[German Version]

The word “Caesar” has three senses: (a) a branch of the Julian clan (gens Julia), which traced its genealogy through Aeneas back to Aphrodite; (b) a title (cf. Mark 12:13–17; Acts 25:11) and the office of supreme ruler (cf. OHG keisar, Russian Tsar); (c) the personification of a modern conception of antique greatness, drive, and genius, which can be interpreted as the antithesis of Christian humility, passivity, and “foolishness” (F. Nietzsche: “Caesar figure,” “Jesus figure”; Gundolf).

The best-known representative of the gens Julia is C. Julius Caesar (100–44 bce).…

Cite this page
Cancik, Hubert, “Caesar, Gaius Julius”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_02676>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



▲   Back to top   ▲