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Caesarea
(319 words)

[German Version]

The great port city on the Mediterranean coast on the Sharon plain was named by Herod the Great for Caesar Augustus. It became a Roman colony under Vespasian and a metropolis under Severus Alexander. The name “Caesarea Maritima” was unknown in antiquity, though today it may connote the Roman harbor, which is under water. The Hellenistic town on which the Roman city was built was called “Strato's Tower” and is mentioned in the Zeno papyri. A Jewish population was introduced to the city in c. 100 bce, when Alexander Jannaeus captured it. Herod's Caesarea was his grea…

Cite this page
Meyers, Eric M., “Caesarea”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_02677>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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