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(197 words)

[German Version]

(Caiphas; Aram. Qayafa on an ossuary), in the New Testament always Καϊάφας or Καϊϊφᾶς (manuscripts), in Josephus (Ant. XIII, 95) ᾽Ιωσήφος ὁ Καϊϊάφας/Iōsḗphos ho Kaïáphas, where it seems to be an epithet. The Roman prefect Valerius Gratus installed Caiaphas as high priest (III) in 18 ce, and the Syrian governor Vitellius deposed him in 36 ce (Ant., loc. cit.). The office of high priest had been awarded discretionarily since the Herodians (Herod/Herodian dynasty). Caiaphas achieved this long period in office only through the favor of the procurators V…

Cite this page
Horn, Friedrich Wilhelm, “Caiaphas”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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