Religion Past and Present

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(3,500 words)

[German Version]

I. General – II. Jewish Calendar – III. Christian Calendar – IV. Islamic Calendar – V. Liturgical Calendar

I. General

1. The term calendar derives from the Roman “calendae,” the day on which a new month was proclaimed. It designates the structuring and hence the consequent mediation of time, i.e. records in pictorial and literary media to communicate structures of time. Calendars are concrete translations of chronologies. The per…

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Mohn, Jürgen, Lichtenberger, Hermann, Meßner, Reinhard, Gerö, Stephen, Nagel, Tilman and Steck, Wolfgang, “Calendar”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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