Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Name – II. Art and Liturgy – III. Roman Catholic Congregations

I. Name

The Greek interpretation of the Aramaic Golgotha as Κρανίου Τόπος/Kraniou Topos, “Skull Place” (Matt 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17; cf. Luke 23:32), is rendered almost uniformly in the Latin versions (Old Latin, Vulgate) as calvariae locus. The Latin form gave rise to “Calvary” and similar terms in other European languages. It is based on the Latin noun calvaria, “cranium, skull,” which makes its fir…

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Deines, Roland, Arnulf, Arwed and Eder, Manfred, “Calvary”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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