Religion Past and Present

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(249 words)

[German Version]

represents an Afro-Brazilian mixed religion from African and Christian elements; it is based on the Bantu word candombe (= percussion instrument). Other mixed forms appear under the names Umbanda, Macumba, Catimbó, and Batuque. The center of Candomblé continues to be Salvador da Bahia. The roots of Candomblé trace back principally to West African Yoruba culture which prevailed over Bantu cultures in Brazil. Today, between 20% and 30% of the population stand in close contact with Candomblé. Olorún (Olodumaré) i…

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Piepke, Joachim, “Candomblé”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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