Religion Past and Present

Get access

Canonical Lists
(349 words)

[German Version]

are lists of the biblical books of the Old Testament and New Testament (cf. Bible II, 2; III, 2) compiled in the Early Church either by individuals or by synods. They possessed authoritative character, though in practice this was not always evident. The earliest canonical indices are the Muratorian Fragment (see also Canon) from Rome (c. 200) and the index of the Codex Claromontanus (3rd cent.). 1 and 2 Thessalonians along with Philemon are inadvertently omitted here, as is Hebrews, while Barnabas, the Shepherd of Hermas, the Acts of Paul, and the Apocalypse of Peter are i…

Cite this page
Aland, Barbara, “Canonical Lists”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_11257>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



▲   Back to top   ▲