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Carpocrates and Carpocratians
(294 words)

[German Version]

The origins of the Christian Gnostic community (Gnosis/Gnosticism: II, 2) of the Carpocratians reach back before 150 ce. According to Clement of Alexandria (Strom. III 5.2f.), it was founded by Epiphanes son of Carpocrates, who died at the age of 17 and was allegedly venerated as a god in Same on the island of Cephallenia. In his work De iustitia (CPG 1123), Epiphanes understood justice as an original equality of all, polemicized against the lawgiver, and advocated a community of goods and women (Clem. Strom. III 5.1–11. 2). According to the teaching of the Carpo…

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Hanig, Roman, “Carpocrates and Carpocratians”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_11329>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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