Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Philosophy – II. Fundamental Theology – III. Dogmatics – IV. Ethics

I. Philosophy

Certainty may be either objective or subjective (Goclenius: certitudo rei cognitae or certitudo hominis cognoscentis). Objective certainty is expressed by “It is certain that p,” subjective certainty by “The epistemic subject S is certain that p.” Objective and subjective certainty are logically independent: one can be certain that p although it …

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Künne, Wolfgang and Herms, Eilert, “Certainty”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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