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Chalcedon, Council of
(492 words)

[German Version]

In Chalcedon (Kadiköy, on the Asian shore of the Bosporus, part of present-day Istanbul; Constantinople/Byzantium), what was probably the most illustrious assembly of bishops in antiquity met from Oct 8 to Nov 11, 451 (although the tradition of 600–630 participants is legendary). Church history came to know it as the fourth “ecumenical” council. Its primary significance lies unquestionably in the realm of the history of dogma (Two natures doctrine), although many of its disciplinary decrees also had important consequences.

The council was made possible by a …

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Ritter, Adolf Martin, “Chalcedon, Council of”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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