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Chaldea and the Chaldeans
(219 words)

[German Version]

Chaldea ( kur Kaldu), the settlement area of the Chaldeans ( Kaldayya/ Χαλδαίοι [Chaldaíoi], כַּשְׁדִים [kaśdîm]) in southern Mesopotamia. The Chaldeans may be attested already in Middle Assyrian texts. They were organized in tribal states. Whether the Chaldeans were ethnically related to the Arameans (Gen 22:21f.; Jer 35:11; Dan 2:4) or the Arabs, or belonged to a separate semitic group, is unknown. They usurped the throne of Babylon roughly from 780 to 689 bce. The OT refers to the Babylonians only as Chaldeans; Berossus uses both names synonymously, hence t…

Cite this page
Steymans, Hans Ulrich, “Chaldea and the Chaldeans”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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