Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. History – II. Christian Liturgy – III. Practical Theology – IV. Art History – V. Music

I. History

1. Origins.

“Christmas,” the nativity feast or birthday celebration of Christ on Dec 25, comes from Middle English Christmesse, Christ's Mass; cf. Dutch Kerstmis. The German Weihnachten, “holy nights,” refers to the twelve days between Dec 24 and Jan 6. The Lat. natalis, dies nativitatis, or nativitas domini nostri Jesu Christi is reflected in…

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Roll, Susan K., Köhle-Hezinger, Christel, Plank, Peter, Bieritz, Karl-Heinrich, Hermelink, Jan, Apostolos-Cappadona, Diane and Finke, Christian, “Christmas”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 21 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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