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Church Missionary Society
(280 words)

[German Version]

(CMS) was established in 1799, a product of the evangelical revival movement in the Church of England and of the Abolitionist movement (Abolitionism). Many of the first CMS missionaries were German and Swiss members of the Basel Mission. The CMS pioneered work in India, the Middle East, in Africa, China, Japan, New Zealand, and Canada. H. Venn, secretary of the Society from 1841 to 1872, developed the “three selves policy” (Three-Self Movement), to encourage self-governing, self-financing, and self-expanding native churches. He urged the appointment …

Cite this page
Ward, Kevin, “Church Missionary Society”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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