Religion Past and Present

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Citizens' Initiative
(143 words)

[German Version]

The self-designation “citizens' initiative” (cf. Ger. Bürgerinitiativ) appeared in the 1960s when concerned citizens in cities or regions increasingly began to join forces on their own initiative in order to call attention to public issues or interests (e.g. land use, urban and traffic planning; threats through military installations or ecological exploitation; OneWorld Partnerships, etc.) which they felt were being ignored or only insufficiently represented by political parties and other established organizations (e.g. Trade unions). In many cases, su…

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Mette, Norbert, “Citizens' Initiative”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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