Religion Past and Present

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Civilization
(1,329 words)

[German Version]

I. The neologism “civilization,” probably coined around 1700 by French legal scholars with the Latin semantic field of civis (citizen), civilitas, and civiliter in mind, originally referred to the transformation of a criminal procedure into a civil procedure. Initially in French, English, and Spanish, but later also in other European languages including German, “civilization” soon acquired broad meaning in the history of philosophy. Civilization now stood both for the lifestyle, social practices, publi…

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Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm, “Civilization”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_125464>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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