Religion Past and Present

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(367 words)

[German Version]

The religious awakening among women in the 13th century found its orientation in Francis and Clara of Assisi. When Clara died in 1253, there were c.150 convents, and another 200 were established by 1300. Only a few of them lived according to the strict rule of the original monastery in San Damiano (Damianites), which planned to be free of possessions and dependent on the Franciscans. Others also accepted property with the rule of Innocent IV (1247) and allowed dowries. Clara's rule (approved in 1253) seemed to many unfeasible, since a cloistered life pr…

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Lehmann, Leonhard, “Clarists”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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