Religion Past and Present

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Compensation Theory
(461 words)

[German Version]

Derived from the Latin compensatio (“balance/balancing”), the term “compensation” found its way into various historical areas of culture and religion as well as into a number of scholarly disciplines (theology, jurisprudence, education, [individual] psychology, ecology, economics, etc.). In the study of religions, “compensation theory” refers to a critical theory of religion according to which religion represents a form of compensation, and notions of transcendence are to be interpreted as projections (Religious criticism: III). Structurally speaking…

Cite this page
Figl, Johann, “Compensation Theory”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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