Religion Past and Present

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Congregational Order
(159 words)

[German Version]

Norms for the life and theology of Christian communities in the first century were primarily set by the two-Testament Bible, which had become a collection of authoritative texts, but also by church orders in the true sense, by the developing confession (of faith), initially set down in free formulations, and by theology, condensed into dogmas since the imperial councils of the 4th century (Nicea, Constantinople: IV). Naturally, after the demise of early Christian prophecy (Prophets: IV), the gradual formation of the hierarchical office also played an important …

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Markschies, Christoph, “Congregational Order”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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