Religion Past and Present

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(754 words)

[German Version]

which emphasizes the autonomy of the individual congregation, traces its roots back to post-Reformation England. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries proto-Congregationalists, then called Puritans, were distracted by the need for reform within the Church of England. They desired a pure Protestant church, and toward the end of creating this, a number removed themselves to the context of New England. The Pilgrims arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620, followed by a larger Puritan settlement of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (Boston) in 1630. The P…

Cite this page
Shoemaker, Stephen, “Congregationalism,”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 01 October 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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