Religion Past and Present

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(4,604 words)

[German Version]

I. History of Religion – II. Greco-Roman Antiquity – III. New Testament – IV. Dogmatics and Ethics – V. Practical Theology

I. History of Religion

The original meaning of the word, (divine) “joint knowledge, knowledge, consciousness, and self-consciousness” (Gk syneídēsis, Lat. conscientia), had already changed in antiquity to refer to an evaluative consciousness of one's own actions. Western philos…

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Hermsen, Edmund, Käppel, Lutz, Dautzenberg, Gerhard, Härle, Wilfried and Mokrosch, Reinhold, “Conscience”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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