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Conscientious Objection
(1,284 words)

[German Version]

I. Law – II. Ethics – III. Practical Theology

I. Law

The right to conscientious objection in Germany, which long existed only as a special privilege granted to the members of the historic peace churches (e.g. the Mennonites in Prussia; see II below), today enjoys special constitutional protection through art. 4 III of German Basic Law (“No one may be forced into armed military service against his conscience”) as the most common example of freedom of conscience (Freedom of belief). The constitution thus gra…

Cite this page
Grube, Andreas, Reuter, Hans-Richard and Hennig, Martin, “Conscientious Objection”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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