Religion Past and Present

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Conversos (Anusim)
(820 words)

[German Version]

The epithet Marranos, meaning “swine,” was applied to Jews who were forcibly converted to Christianity in Spain after the 1391 riots. The church and state officially rejected the appellation and preferred: “New Christian,” confeso (meaning convert). The anti-Jewish propaganda (Anti-Semitism/Anti-Judaism) in Andalusia was followed by riots, in which entire Jewish communities – around 600,000 Jews – were forced to the baptismal font. Only a few Jewish communities were protected by royalty and nobility. Other measures we…

Cite this page
Beinart, Haim, “Conversos (Anusim)”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 06 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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