Religion Past and Present

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(4,467 words)

[German Version]

I. Church History – II. Church Law – III. Dogmatics

I. Church History

1. Early Church

Council (Lat. concilium, Gk σύνοδος [Lat. synodum]; the two terms were first differentiated in modern usage; see also synod) are meetings of bishops from various communities for binding clarification of disciplinary, organizational, or doctrinal questions, whose decisions, as inspired by the Holy Spirit, are not in principle revisable and claim validity for the whole churc…

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Brennecke, Hanns Christof, Schneider, Hans, Schneider, Bernd Christian, Puza, Richard and Neuner, Peter, “Council”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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