Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

The Covenanters were militant Scottish Presbyterians who swore allegiance to the Scottish National Covenant (1638) and Solemn League and Covenant (1643). They sought to promote Reformed theology and Presbyterian church government by resisting the establishment of episcopacy under the Stuart kings of England. Their period of influence in Scotland and England stretched from 1637 to 1690. The Covenanters themselves were influenced not only by the rise of covenant theology (Covenant: V), but also by a democratic impulse for religious liberty and a nati…

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Ryken, Philip Graham, “Covenanters”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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