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Crafts and Artifacts
(1,327 words)

[German Version]

I. Archaeology – II. Art History

I. Archaeology

The term “crafts” refers to the production of objects and implements of all kinds – in other words, what are now usually called the “practical arts.” In the ancient Near East, there was no terminology for crafts, nor were there explicit theories concerning art. Sometimes mythology attributed crafts to culture heroes (Gen 4:22; 6; cf. Philo of Byblos) or some deity or patron like the later figures of Joseph, the father of Jesus and the patron of carpenters, or Luke, …

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Hübner, Ulrich and Lambacher, Lothar, “Crafts and Artifacts”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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