Religion Past and Present

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(467 words)

[German Version]

from Greek κρίνειν/krínein, “distinguish, decide, judge,” is methodical evaluation based on well-founded criteria. In everyday usage, the word is identified with negative assessment; in philosophical usage, however, it denotes the weighing of both positive and negative values and the discussion of validity claims. The ancient Greeks already distinguished epistemological, practical (political), and philological concepts of criticism (Pre-Socratics; Plato; Aristotle; Stoics); building on this foundation, Humanism and modern philosophy cultivated…

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Recki, Birgit, “Criticism,”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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