Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. History – II. Literature – III. From the Muslim Perspective – IV. Effects on the Jews

I. History

1. Concept

The Middle Ages did not develop a clear term for the crusades. The word itself is only documented at a late point. What research calls the crusades in the narrower sense of the word are the crusades which were begun at the end of the 11th century by Latin Christendom to reconquer or defend Jerusalem and the Holy Land. The conquest of Jerusalem in 1099 by the C…

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Hehl, Ernst-Dieter, Düchting, Reinhard, Möhring, Hannes and Mentgen, Gerd, “Crusades”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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