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Crusius, Christian August
(183 words)

[German Version]

(Jan 10, 1715, Leuna – Oct 18, 1775, Leipzig) was appointed adjunct professor of philosophy in Leipzig in 1744 and professor of theology at the same university in 1750. As a philosopher, Crusius gave anti-Wolffianism (C. Wolff) its definitive form. By distinguishing between epistemic or ideal causes and real causes, he was able to contest the ontological proof of the existence of God, as well as Leibniz-Wolffian determinism and the notion of a preestablished harmony (G.W. Leibniz). As a theologian, Crusius was inspired by J. Cocceius and J.A. Bengel to formulate a p…

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Beutel, Albrecht, “Crusius, Christian August”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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