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Cyril of Alexandria
(371 words)

[German Version]

(c. 375/380, Theodotion – Jun 27, 444, Alexandria). Although Cyril, like his opponent Nestorius, was excommunicated at the third ecumenical Council of Ephesus (431), tradition elevated him as the banner-bearer of orthodoxy – for Chalcedonians (Chalcedon) because of Cyril's letters in opposition to Nestorius, accepted in 451, for the anti-Chalcedonians because of his patriarchal manner, his literary reputation and his theological affinity with the Monophysite position. Cyril's writings (Exegetica, Easter letters, homilies, anti-Arian and anti-Nest…

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Vinzent, Markus, “Cyril of Alexandria”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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