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Częnstochowa,
(173 words)

[German Version]

a large city in southern Poland, has been an episcopal see since 1925 (in 1995, with a Catholic population of 837,500 in 286 parishes). A monastery of Pauline hermits (originally Hungarian but now represented only in Poland), founded in 1382 on the Jasna Góra (“Shining Mountain”), is the most important pilgrimage destination in Poland. Devotion centers on the Black Madonna, a miraculous image of the Virgin Mary dating from the 14th century, which has been blackened by the smoke of candles. Since 1655, when the monastery was the only Polis…

Cite this page
Hauptmann, Peter, “Częnstochowa,”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_03326>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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