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Daimon
(283 words)

[German Version]

Greek δαίμων, may be etymologically related to δαίω “disperse” (i.e. the fateless?); originally “divine being, divine power” (= ϑεός, “god”) (Hom. Iliad 1.222 etc.), but already in Hes. Erga 121–126 it referred to the “soul of a deceased person.” The two concepts fuse in the image of daimons as punishing avengers (souls of the murdered execute vengeance as daimons). The concept of the “personal” daimon that influences the fate of the individual appeared from the 6th century bce (Theognis 161–164, Heraclitus 22 B 119 D.-K., Pindarus, Olympia 13.28, 105, Sophoc. Trachin…

Cite this page
Käppel, Lutz, “Daimon”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_03340>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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