Religion Past and Present

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(467 words)

[German Version]

The thesis of a Decapolis founded by Pompey in 63 bce as a Hellenistic bastion against the Arabs in the East is outmoded. A self-concept as Decapolis (Gk “ten cities”) arose only in the middle of the 1st century ce when a few cities of Coelesyria attempted to escape new Herodian sovereignty by proclaiming their autonomy in the Provincia Syria (cf. the beginning of minting municipal coins with the city Tyche: Canatha 38/39, Skythopolis 39/40 [Beth-Shean], Gerasa and Hippos 67/68 ce; only Gadara, rebuilt by Pompey, minted coins from 63 bce on). In the resumption of Seleucid ad…

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Wenning, Robert, “Decapolis”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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