Religion Past and Present

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Degrees, Academic
(1,180 words)

[German Version]

Academic degrees came into existence in the context of medieval education. Even before universities were established, teachers were generally given the title Magister; while the usual title in the stronghold of legal studies at Bologna was Doctor, which also was often applied to the teachers of the Early Church ( Doctores ecclesiae ). At the universities, which arose c. 1200, the master's degree was the highest degree granted by all the faculties, with a distinction between someone who was merely qualified to teach and a Magister actu regens (a professor engaged in …

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Köpf, Ulrich, “Degrees, Academic”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_08962>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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