Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Judaism – II. Christianity – III. Islam

I. Judaism

Talmudic tradition includes several examples of disputations between Jewish scholars and pagan philosophers or Roman emperors, dealing mainly with the questions of divine unity, the creation and the role of Israel (b. Sanh. 91a–b; 'Abod. Zar. 10a–11a, etc.). Disputations with representatives of Islam and, especially, of the Christian religion became a central subject in the historical and apologetical literature (Apologetics: II; Nizzahon) of Jews…

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Dan, Joseph, Köpf, Ulrich and van Ess, Josef, “Disputation”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 09 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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