Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

surname Kigen (also known as Buppōbō; posthumously, Shōyō Daishi or Busshō Dentō Kokushi; 1200–1253). A leading Buddhist in the Kamakura era (1192–1333) (Buddhism: I, 2.d), he was the founder of the Sōtō school (Chinese Caodong zong; Japanese Sōtō-shū) of Zen Buddhism. The son of a noble family, he lost his parents at the age of seven, and was accepted as a novice in the Hieizan temple complex (Tendai school) near Kyōto at the age of 13. Between 1223 and 1227, he studied in China under the master of meditation Rujing. …

Cite this page
Astley, Ian, “Dōgen,”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 11 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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