Early Judaism
(234 words)

[German Version]

The term refers to the period roughly between (a) the end of the Babylonian Exile (539 bce), the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem (520), and the completion of the Hebrew Bible, and (b) the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple (70 ce) and the beginnings of rabbinic Judaism. The term “early Judaism” thus covers a period that historians, depending on where the focus of their interest lies, also refer to as the Hellenistic-Roman period (300 bce–200 ce), lately also as “Middle Judaism” (Boccaccini) or the Second Temple Period (520 bce–70 ce). It was coined in the 1930s by F.C. G…

Cite this page
Wandrey, Irina, “Early Judaism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_08001>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



▲   Back to top   ▲